The United Nations Human Settlements Program (UN-Habitat) is a United Nations program with two main purposes: ensuring adequate shelter for all and promoting sustainable human settlements in an extremely urbanized world. UN-Habitat focuses on how member states can continue to urbanize without harming the environment, society, and cultures through urban legislation, planning, economy, and basic services.
Sino-Indian Border Dispute
The Sino-Indian border dispute is an ongoing territorial conflict between India and China. It is a result of their failure to mutually agree upon the exact alignment and delimitation of their common boundaries within the Himalayan area, where the two nuclear-armed Asian neighbors share a 3.500-kilometer unmarked border. India claims that there were treaties between India and Tibet that determine the boundaries in certain sections, while the other areas are traditionally part of India, which is also established due to their custom and tradition. China doubts Tibet’s past authority to conclude treaties and firmly supports the idea of new delimitation of the Sino-Indian borders. These border problems are rooted in demarcating the boundaries by the British colonial rules back in the decolonization period.