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The Clash of Two Blocs in Resolving the Sino-Indian Border Dispute

by AURELIA WIBAWA | 14 August 2021, 16:13 WIB | XINHUA | UNSC

The problematic border between China and India through the Map (Source: ClearIAS)

JAKARTA, Aug. 14 (Xinhua) – “The delegate of Russia is deeply disappointed by the "western" bloc's solution of merely making a new solution without understanding the current situation. They have failed to discuss the past framework, and thus are questioned on their purpose,” a notion told by the delegate Russia from an exclusive statement during today’s second committee session regarding the condition between the two blocs.

In discussing the Sino-Indian border dispute, the conflict between the two perspectives is very much noticeable. The clashing point of view can be seen through each measure the delegates propose in resolving the dispute. The clear standings were seen from India, the U.S, France, and Bhutan as one, whereas the Russian Federation and China continue to advocate shared understandings.

China believes that improving past agreements by looking back on why two countries couldn’t follow it back then would be more suitable to de-escalate the tension. Russia, noting that both China and India are large trading partners, believe that resolving this issue would be achievable with each other. Respecting past agreements by improving it would be better with joint recognition. “The delegates refuse to respect the sovereignty of China and India, and merely trying to get what they want—not what China and India needed” quoted from Russia’s exclusive statement on the situation. China pursues the idea by acknowledging India and China’s good partnerships in other fields, especially financially, and increasing the frequency of bilateral meetings would be best.

Heated Discussion during Unmoderated Caucus in UNSC

The delegates of China also expressed the necessity of a mediator only when tensions between two countries are high, accepting Russia as the suitable mediator if needed. Russia completely agrees with the notion by believing they are the most suitable mediator given their neutrality and successful pasts as a mediator or SCO for third-party involvement.

However, France, India, and other countries have proposed different solutions that differ from China and Russia’s stances. The opposing bloc proposed demilitarization of all borders, neutral third-party involvement such as ICG and SAARC as a negotiator/mediator, pulling back military forces, and UNDOF involvement.

During the press conference, both parties seem to still have strong points of views that haven’t been resolved. UNSC has previously discussed the base of the border dispute, yet the two blocs seem to remain unbothered. The common ground the countries share is still blurry and achieving it is major in finishing the bilateral dispute.

Though third-party involvement is indeed a notable discussion, future plans on resolving the issue like the state of Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh haven’t been spoken of. The topics China and India will discuss during bilateral meetings are still in waiting.



Jakarta International MUN 2021