• Jakarta International MUN

Urgently Needed: A Neutral Mediator to Facilitate Sino-Indian Bilateral Mediations

by Melissa Stephanie Kartjito | 14 August 2021, 17:10 WIB | Hindustan Times | UNSC


No agreement has been achieved on which party should be trusted as the mediator in India and China relations.


Photo: China in response to the proceedings of the council


Suppose there is one thing the honourable delegates of UNSC can relatively agree upon (with few dissenting voices). In that case, it's the need for a mediator to mend the relations of India and China, which has worsened since the Chinese attack on the Line of Actual Control. The attack exacerbates long-standing tension between both countries as the attack is described as the 'worst chill in bilateral ties in recent years'.

However, the agreement between the countries stops there: there is no consensus on the components of the mediators. There are proposals for a third-party mediator, but the delegates cannot agree on which body or state can be trusted for that.


The delegate of Russia claims that "The council have been talking about China and India, but not listening to their opinions nor respecting their sovereignty!" – an ironic statement, considering the delegate of Russia himself insists on being the third-party mediator, even with the delegate of India's open disapproval.

The delegate of India cites Russia's inefficiency in solving the latest issue. Taking more than 20 meetings to solve just one disputed area, the delegate of India argues, is inefficient despite there is some success.

The underlying reason for India's resistance, however, is Russia's partiality to China's interests. The delegate of China's alignment to have Russia as the mediator confirmed the delegate of India's suspicions on Russian tendencies. This suspicion is further confirmed by the claim Russia made in the press conference, where Russia's body of choice to mediate falls upon the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO).


In the press conference, a more neutral proposal is proposed by the delegate of the USA, which suggests bilateral meetings be mediated by a non-P5 country, such as UN bodies or the SARC. An arbitration court in Den Haag will be the last resort if all else fails.

However, the delegate of Russia maintains its stance to be the mediator and proposing other bodies such as the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and BRICS, an informal group of states constituting the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the Republic of India, the People's Republic of China and the Republic of South Africa.

We look forward to an agreement for the third party body in the following sessions.



Jakarta International MUN 2021